Definitions and Acronyms

Database over acronyms. You can search for acronyms or add new ones to it. It is also possible to download the database as an excel sheet

Export in CSV (Excel Compatible) SKOS feed of this listing
Acronym Meaning
ASEF Asia-Europe Foundation
http://www.asef.org/
Assessment Formal efforts to assemble selected knowledge with a view toward making it publicly available in a form intended to be useful for decision-making (Mitchell and others 2006). By ‘formal’ the definition requires that the assessment should be sufficiently organised to identify components such as products, participants and issuing authority. ‘Selected knowledge’ indicates that the content has a defined scope or purpose and that not all information compiled and contributed is necessarily included in the report. The sources of knowledge may vary. While results from research and scientific knowledge predominate, assessments can supplement this with local, traditional or indigenous knowledge. Further, assessments can evaluate both existing information and research conducted expressly for the purpose. The definition also notes the importance of ensuring that assessments are in the public domain, as they may influence public debate and different types of decision-makers.
Assessments Formal efforts to assemble selected knowledge with a view toward making it publicly available in a form intended to be useful for decision-making (Mitchell and others 2006). By ‘formal’ the definition requires that the assessment should be sufficiently organised to identify components such as products, participants and issuing authority. ‘Selected knowledge’ indicates that the content has a defined scope or purpose and that not all information compiled and contributed is necessarily included in the report. The sources of knowledge may vary. While results from research and scientific knowledge predominate, assessments can supplement this with local, traditional or indigenous knowledge. Further, assessments can evaluate both existing information and research conducted expressly for the purpose. The definition also notes the importance of ensuring that assessments are in the public domain, as they may influence public debate and different types of decision-makers.
BAP Biodiversity Action Plan
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biodiversity_Action_Plan
CAFE Clean Air forEurope
http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/environment/air_pollution/l28026_en.htm
CBD Convention on Biological Diversity
http://www.cbd.int/
CEHAPE Children's Environment and Health Action Plan forEurope
http://www.euro.who.int/childhealthenv/policy/20020724_2
CITES Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CITES
CLRTAP Convention on Long-rangeTransboundaryAir Pollution
http://www.unece.org/env/lrtap/
COP conference of the parties
CORINE Coordination of Information on the Environment
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coordination_of_Information_on_the_Environment
Credibility It is concerned with whether the knowledge assembled in the assessment is believed to be valid. An assessment gains credibility and authority by virtue of its information, methods and procedures. Source: Marine AoA
DG Directorate General
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directorate-General
DG ENV Directorate General for Environment of the European Commission
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directorate-General_for_the_Environment_(European_Commission)
DG SANCO Directorate General for Health and Consumer Protection of the European Commission
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directorate-General_for_Health_and_Consumer_Protection_(European_Commission)
DIMESA Directors' meeting for environmental statistics and accounts
DPSIR The causal framework for describing the interactions between society and the environment adopted by the European Environment Agency: driving forces, pressures, states, impacts, responses (extension of the PSR model developed by OECD). Source: EEA glossary. For more information download the DPSIR/Typology matrix
http://integratedassessment.ew.eea.europa.eu/Resources/knowledge_base/Tools_and_methods/facts/fol588453/using-indicators/DPSIR_Typology_matrix.pdf
E'H Environment and health
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/health/index_en.htm
E-PRTR European Pollutants Release and Transfer Register
http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/environment/general_provisions/l28149_en.htm
EAP Environment Action Programme
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/newprg/index.htm
EBD environmental burden of disease
http://unfccc.int/files/adaptation/methodologies_for/vulnerability_and_adaptation/application/pdf/environmental_burden_of_disease_assessment.pdf
EBONE European Biodiversity Observation Network
http://www.ebone.wur.nl/UK/
EC European Commission
http://ec.europa.eu/index_en.htm
ECDC European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
http://ecdc.europa.eu/
ECMWF European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts
http://www.ecmwf.int/
Ecosystem An ecosystem is a dynamic complex of plant, animal, and micro-organism communities and the non-living environment interacting as a functional unit. Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005
Ecosystems An ecosystem is a dynamic complex of plant, animal, and micro-organism communities and the non-living environment interacting as a functional unit. Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 2005
EEA European Environment Agency
http://www.eea.europa.eu/
EEA European Economic Area
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Economic_Area
EEA European Economic Association
http://www.eeassoc.org/
EEAC European Environment Advisory Committee
EEC European Economic Community
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Economic_Community
EFTA European Free Trade Association
http://www.efta.int/
EHIS Environmental Health Information Services
EIONET European environment information and observation network
http://www.eionet.europa.eu/
EMAS Eco-Management and Audit Scheme
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/emas/index_en.htm
EMEP European Monitoring and EvaluationProgramme
http://www.emep.int/http:/www.emep.int/
EMODNET European Marine Observation and Data Network
http://newsweaver.co.uk/coastmapnews/e_article001208695.cfm?x=b11,0,w
ENCA Network Network of Heads of European Nature Conservation Agencies
http://encanet.eu/home/
ENEA European Network of Environmental Authorities
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/integration/pdf/enea/enea_presentation.pdf
ENP European Neighbourhood Policy
http://ec.europa.eu/world/enp/index_en.htm
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is the term applied to the systematic examination of the likely impacts of development proposals on the environment prior to the beginning of any activity.
EPA United States Environmental Protection Agency
http://www.epa.gov/
EPA Network Network of the Heads of Environment Protection Agencies
http://epanet.ew.eea.europa.eu/
EPER European pollutant emission register
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/pollutants/stationary/eper/index.htm
ESD Education for sustainable development
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_for_Sustainable_Development
ESPON2013 European observation network for territorial development
http://www.espon.eu/
ETC/ACC European Topic Centre on Air and Climate Change
http://etc-acc.eionet.europa.eu/
ETC/BD European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity
http://biodiversity.eionet.europa.eu/
ETC/RWM European Topic Centre on Resource and Waste Management
http://scp.eionet.europa.eu/
ETC/WTR European Topic Centre onWater
http://water.eionet.europa.eu/
ETR environmental tax reform
ETS Emissions Trading Scheme
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/index_en.htm
EU European Union
http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/environment/general_provisions/l28149_en.htm
EUCC European Union Coastal Conservation
http://www.eucc.nl/
EUNIS European Nature Information System
http://eunis.eea.europa.eu/
EURECA European Ecosystem Assessment
http://biodiversity-chm.eea.europa.eu/information/F1051869800/fol818985
Eurostat/ESTAT Statistical Office of the European Communities
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/eurostat/home/
GDP gross domestic product
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gross_domestic_product
GEO Global Environment Outlook
http://www.unep.org/geo/
GEOSS Global Earth Observation System of Systems
http://www.earthobservations.org/
GHG greenhouse gas
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenhouse_gas
GHS http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globally_Harmonized_System
http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs/ghs_welcome_e.html
GMES Global Monitoring for the Environment and Security. European Initiative for the establishment of a European capacity for Earth Observation.
http://www.gmes.info/
GMO Genetically modified organism
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetically_modified_organism
H2020 Horizon 2020
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/enlarg/med/horizon_2020_en.htm
HELCOM Helsinki Commission - Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission
http://www.helcom.fi/
IEA International Energy Agency
http://www.iea.org/
IHPA International HCH and Pesticides Association
http://www.ihpa.info/
Impact assessment Assessment that identifies and characterizes the impacts of human activities and/or natural pressures on ecosystems and society. Source: Marine AoA
Impact assessments Assessments that identify and characterize the impacts of human activities and/or natural pressures on ecosystems and society. Source: Marine AoA
IMS Indicator Management Systems
http://ims.eionet.europa.eu/
INSPIRE Infrastructure for Spatial Information in Europe. established by Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 March 2007. INSPIRE aims at making available relevant, harmonised and quality geographic information to support formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies and activities which have a direct or indirect impact on the environment. Source: EC INSPIRE Geoportal http://www.inspire-geoportal.eu/index.cfm
http://www.inspire-geoportal.eu/
Integrated assessment Assessment that integrates across environmental, economic and social aspects, across industry sectors, and across ecosystem components (which may include land-based sources of inputs as well as land-based industries that depend on marine resources). Source: Marine AoA
Integrated assessments Assessments that integrate across environmental, economic and social aspects, across industry sectors, and across ecosystem components (which may include land-based sources of inputs as well as land-based industries that depend on marine resources). Source: Marine AoA
IOMC Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals
http://www.who.int/iomc/en/
IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
http://www.ipcc.ch/
IPPC Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/air/pollutants/stationary/ippc/index.htm
IRENA International Renewable Energy Agency
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/IRENA
JRC Joint Research Centre (European Commission)
http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/jrc/index.cfm
Legitimacy A measure of the acceptability or perceived fairness of an assessment. A legitimate assessment is one that has been conducted in a manner that allows users to be satisfied that their interests have been taken into account appropriately and that the process has been fair. Source: Marine AoA
LIFE EU Financial Instrument for the Environment
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/life/
LRTAP Long-rangeTransboundaryAir Pollution
http://www.unece.org/env/lrtap/
MA Millennium ecosystem Assessment
http://www.millenniumassessment.org/en/index.aspx
MAP Mediterranean Action Plan
http://www.unepmap.org/
MED POL pollution monitoring and assessment programme - Mediterranean region
http://www.euro.who.int/watsan/CountryActivities/20030612_7
Metadata Data about data. Source: EEA glossary
MFA1 Material Flow Analysis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Material_Flow_Analysis
MFA2 Material Flow Accounting
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Material_Flow_Accounting
NAMEA National Accounting Matrices including Environmental accounts
http://ivm5.ivm.vu.nl/sat/pdf/tool_chappdf.12.pdf
NEC National Emission Ceilings
http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/environment/air_pollution/l28095_en.htm
NESIS Network to enhance a European Environment Shared and Interoperable Information System
http://www.ec-gis.org/Workshops/inspire_2008/presentations/10_01_saio.pdf
NFP National Focal Point
http://www.eea.europa.eu/about-us/countries-and-eionet/list-of-members-of-the-nfp-eionet-group
NGO Non-governmental organization
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Non-governmental_organization
OECD Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development
http://www.oecd.org/home/0,2987,en_2649_201185_1_1_1_1_1,00.html
OSCE Organisation for Security and Co-operation inEurope
http://www.osce.org/
OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of theNorth-East Atlantic
http://www.ospar.org/
PRELUDE PRospectiveEnvironmental analysis of Land Use Development inEurope
http://www.eea.europa.eu/highlights/prelude-launched-in-brussels
Process Institutional arrangements established to govern, guide and conduct the assessment and to ensure that the mandate and procedures are followed. Source: Marine AoA
Product It includes both the expert reports/summaries/scenarios and underlying data and information used in the analyses. Source: Marine AoA
PRTR http://www.prtr.de/
http://www.chem.unep.ch/prtr/
REACH Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/chemicals/reach/reach_intro.htm
Relevance It denotes the ability of an assessment to address the particular concerns of those using it. It is also referred to as ‘salience’. An assessment is relevant if the user is aware of it and it informs his/her decisions or behaviour. Source: Marine AoA
Reportnet Eionet’s infrastructure for supporting and improving data and information flows. Reportnet is based on a set of inter-related tools and processes which all build on the active use of the World Wide Web.
http://www.eionet.europa.eu/reportnet
Response assessment Assessment that identifies and evaluates measures that reduce human contributions or vulnerabilities to environmental changes. It can focus on potential future response options and evaluate their risks and likely outcomes, or they may evaluate the effectiveness of policies and measures already adopted. Source: Marine AoA.
Response assessments Assessments that identify and evaluate measures that reduce human contributions or vulnerabilities to environmental changes. They can focus on potential future response options and evaluate their risks and likely outcomes, or they may evaluate the effectiveness of policies and measures already adopted. Source: Marine AoA.
RTD Research and Technological Development
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Framework_Programmes_for_Research_and_Technological_Development
SAICM Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management
http://www.saicm.org/index.php?ql=h&content=home
SCOUT Sustainable Consumption andOUTlookand scenarios forEurope
SCP sustainable consumption and production
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/eussd/escp_en.htm
SD sustainable development
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sustainable_development
SDS safety data sheets
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Material_safety_data_sheet
SEBI Streamlining European Biodiversity Indicators
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/knowledge/eu2010_indicators/index_en.htm
Sectoral assessment Assessment that addresses a particular sector of human activity. Source: Marine AoA
Sectoral assessments Assessments that address a particular sector of human activity. Source: Marine AoA
SEEAW System of Environmental-Economic Accounting for Water
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/statcom/doc07/SEEAW_SC2007.pdfhttp:/unstats.un.org/unsd/statcom/doc07/SEEAW_SC2007.pdf
SEIS Shared Environmental Information System forEurope
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/seis/
SMES Small and Medium Enterprises
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Small_and_medium_enterprises
SOER The European Environment - State and outlook
http://soer2010.ew.eea.europa.eu/
Status and trend (or process) assessment Assessments that typically describe the present and changing status of ecosystems. Source: Marine AoA
Stern report Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stern_Review
Strategic Impact Assessment (SIA) Strategic Impact Assessment (SIA), also known as Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), is the assessment of the wider environmental, social and economic impacts of alternative proposals at the beginning of a project.
TEEB The Economics of Ecosystems ' Biodiversity
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/biodiversity/economics/
TERM Transport and environment reporting mechanism
http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/TEC18
Thematic assessment Assessment that focuses on a theme or issue other than a single sector of human activity. Source: Marine AoA
Thematic assessments Assessments that focus on a theme or issue other than a single sector of human activity. Source: Marine AoA
TOBIN Tobin Tax
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobin_tax
UN United Nations
http://www.un.org/
UNCSD United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development
http://www.un.org/esa/dsd/index.shtml
UNDP United Nations Development Programme
http://www.undp.org/
UNECE United Nations Economic Commission forEurope
http://www.unece.org/env/lrtap/
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme
http://www.unep.org/
UNEP-WCMC World Conservation Monitoring Centre
http://www.unep-wcmc.org/
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
http://unfccc.int/2860.php
UNWTO World Tourism Organization
http://www.unwto.org/index.php
USEPA TheUSEnvironmental Protection Agency
http://www.epa.gov/
WFD Water Framework Directive
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/water/water-framework/index_en.html
WHO World Health Organisation
http://www.who.int/en/
WISE Water Information System forEurope
http://water.europa.eu/
WTO World Trade Organisation
http://www.wto.org/